**
**# Stitches Help

How Do I Use These Pattern Stitches?
Using a pattern stitch to design your own project is easier than you might think. Simply **Make A Sample Swatch** of your favorite pattern stitch, **Determine The Gauge** of the swatch, then **follow two simple equations** to plan your project.

As an example, let's imagine you want to make a scarf that will be 8" wide X 45" long.
1. **Make A Swatch**. Once you've selected a pattern stitch, choose a yarn you like and use the recommended needle size given on the label. Read the section explaining Multiples (see below), then cast on enough stitches to make a 4" or larger swatch. Knit until the swatch is square.

2. **Determine The Gauge**. If you like your pattern stitch swatch, it's time to measure the gauge. Lay the swatch, wrong side up, on a flat, smooth surface. Measure the number of stitches per inch to determine the Stitch Gauge. Measure the number of rows per inch to determine the Row Gauge.

Stitch Gauge = __ stitches per inch

Row Gauge = __ rows per inch

For the scarf example, let's say the gauge of your sample swatch is:

Stitch Gauge = 4 1/2 Stitches per inch

Row Gauge = 6 Rows per inch
3.**Plan The Project**. To plan your project, you only need *four magic numbers*, *two simple equations*, and a *calculator*.

### The 4 Magic Numbers

- Desired width of finished project: ___" wide

- Desired length of finished project: ___" long

- Stitch Gauge of swatch: ___ stitches per inch

- Row Gauge of swatch: ___ rows per inch

**Equation #1: How Many Stitches To Cast On**
(Width of Finished Project) X (Stitch Gauge of swatch) = (Number of Stiches to Cast On)
**Important: You may have to slightly adjust the number of cast on stitches to match the multiple of your pattern stitch.**

**Equation #2: How Many Rows To Knit**
(Length of finished project) X (Row Gauge of swatch)= (Number of Rows to Knit)
**Important: you may also work to a specified length - just be sure to finish the row repeat.**

Example of Scarf Measurement
**Equation #1: How Many Stitches To Cast On**

**8"**(width of finished project) **X 4 1/2** (stitch gauge of swatch)

**= 36** (number of stitches to cast on)
**Equation #2: How Many Rows To Knit**

**45"**(length of finished project) **X 6**(Row Gauge of swatch)

**= 270** (Number of Rows to Knit)

- To make an 8" wide X 45" long scarf in your selected pattern stitch, you'll need to cast on 36 stitches and knit 270 rows.

That's all there is to it!

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